Test Equipment and Methods for Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) for Emergency Services

Open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is a kind of self-contained compressed air source, which can supply clean air for personnel to breathe, and the exhaled gas is directly discharged into the atmosphere. It is a type of respiratory protective equipment used for escape. The open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) can protect the on-site operators to the greatest extent from the damage to the respiratory system caused by toxic and harmful gases during the evacuation process in hazardous chemical accidents or other dangerous accident sites, and provide emergency escape for the on-site personnel. Precious time, so as to ensure the safety and health of the relevant personnel on site. Open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus for emergency services have been sold in the international market for many years, but some countries have not developed relevant test standards and have been in a state of lack.

“Respiratory Protection- Self-Contained Open-Circuit Compressed Air Breathing Apparatus for Escape” GB 38451-2019 is a product standard in China’s respiratory protection equipment standardization system, and it was released for the first time. It fills the gap in the standard of self-contained open-circuit compressed air breathing apparatus for escape in respiratory protective equipment, and is combined with “Self-Contained Open-Circuit Compressed Air Breathing Apparatus” GB/T16556-2007, Basically covering compressed air breathing apparatus of the full range of products.

This test method shall apply to complete SCBA|Samples. Each sample to be tested shall be as specifiedin 4.3.9.Application SamplesParticulate Test → NFPA 1981
Prior to testing, specimens shall be conditioned for aminimum of 4 hours and tested at an ambient temperature of 22 °C,+3C (72°F,土5°F) and RH of 50 percent, ±25 percent.Specimen Preparation
Specimens for conditioning shall be complete SCBA.
A Scott Aviation model No.803608-01 or 803608-02 testheadform or equivalent shall be joined to a mannequin to simu-late its typical wearing position, as specified by the manufacturer.Test Apparatus
The test headform shall be connected, as specified inSection 8.1, Airflow Performance Test, to the breathing machinespecified in or other respiration simulator producing a1-minute volume of 40 L,±2 Lat the ambient conditions speci-fied in, with a minimum tidal volume of 1.6 Lper breath ata minimum respiration of 10 breaths/min.
A test facility consisting of a chamber and accessoriesto control dust concentration, velocity, temperature, and hu-midity of dust-laden air shall be used.
To provide adequate circulation of the dust-laden air,no more than 50 percent of the cross-sectional area and nomore than 30 percent of the volume of the test chamber shallbe occupied by the test item(s).
The NFPA 1981 particulate test system shall be provided with a means of main-taining and verifying the dust circulation.
The dust-laden air shall be introduced into the testspace in such a manner as to allow the air to become laminarin flow before it strikes the test item.
Dust shall be silica flour and shall contain 97 percentto 99 percent by weight silicon dioxide (SiO,)
The following size distribution shall apply:
(1) 100 percent shall pass through a 100 mesh screen.
(2) 98 percent,±2 percent shall pass through a 140 mesh screen.
(3) 90 percent,±2 percent shall pass through a 200 mesh screen.
(4) 75 percent,±2 percent shall pass through a 325 mesh screen.
A fully charged SCBA shall be secured to a test head-form and mannequin as specified in Procedure
The mannequin, including the test headform, shallbe mounted upright and placed inside the The mannequin, including the test headform, shallbe mounted upright and placed inside the NFPA 1981 particulate test system.
The temperature of the test chamber shall be ad-justed to 22C,+3C (72°F,+5°F) and the RH to less than30 percent.
The air velocity shall be adjusted to 530 m / min,±15 m / min (1750 ft / min,50 ft / min).
The dust concentration for the blowing dust shall bemaintained at 10.6 g/ m3,±7 g/m3 (0.3 g/ft3,4o.2 g/ft3). The test duration shall be 1 hour, and the breathingmachine shall be operating throughout the entire test.
The test shall be permitted to be interrupted tochange the SCBA breathing air cylinder.
Test item configuration and orientation shall beturned around its vertical axis 180 degrees midway throughthe test.
After the completion of the test,the SCBA shall beremoved from the test compartment.
The SCBA shall be lightly shaken or brushed free ofdust and then shall be tested as specified in Section 8.1,Air-flow Performance Test, to determine pass or fail.
The facepiece pressure peak inhalation and peak exha-lation shall be recorded and reported for each test condition.Testing Report
The activation and operation,or failure to activateand operate, of both EOSTI shall be recorded and reported.
The activation and identification of HUD visual alertsignals shall be recorded and reported.
The peak inhalation and peak exhalation shall beused to determine pass or fail performance.Interpretation
One or more specimens failing this test shall consti-tute failing performance.
Failure of any EOSTI alarm signal to activatc and re-main active during the test shall constitute failing performance.
Failure of the HUD to display the breathing air cylin-der content or display the visual alert signal during the testshall constitute failing performance.

The formulation of the GB 38451 standard fully draws on the technical indicators in the relevant domestic and foreign standards, and at the same time combines the actual national conditions of China and the actual technical level of the production enterprises. The core technical indicators of the escape breathing apparatus are rated protection time, leakage rate, breathing resistance, temperature resistance, air tightness, flammability and practical performance, etc., and put forward reasonable technical requirements, while maintaining coordination with relevant domestic and foreign standards. But also in line with China’s practical application needs.

GB 38451 test standard better reflects the concept of advanced, scientific, reasonable and applicable, and comprehensively solves the standard problem of self-contained open-circuit compressed air escape breathing apparatus. Escape respirator manufacturers, testing agencies, user units and regulatory authorities should continue to deepen their understanding and understanding of this standard, and jointly implement and use this standard, so that all stakeholders of the standard can benefit. On this basis, the life safety and health of the general public can be effectively and effectively guaranteed by equipping with suitable escape respirator and using it correctly.

related page logoTypical Apparatus Coniguration for Air Flow Pertormance Testing → NFPA 1981 Standard on Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus for Fire Fighters 1992 Edition
related page logoSelf-Contained Open-Circuit Compressed Air Breathing Apparatus Inspection Specification Test Report and Related Introduction Of Domestic And Foreign Manufacturers
related page logoNFPA 1981 2013 Edition: What Do You Need to Know ? The 2013 edition of NFPA 1981 → On Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) Three Changes with the New Edition
related page logoDraeger’s latest Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus, which has earned certification under the 2018 edition of the NFPA 1981/1982 standards, will begin shipping in October
related page logoSelf-Contained Breathing Apparatus or SCBA is foundational tool provides greatest amount of airway protection from toxic gas and harmful particulates resulting from fire

Self-rescue breathing apparatus comprehensive test machine is used to test the carbon monoxide filtration performance of filtering fire-fighting self-rescue breathing apparatus, mainly including humidifier, airtight box, cooler, gas flow meter, gas analyzer, etc. The test principle and test method of the self-rescue breathing apparatus comprehensive test machine meet the requirements of GB 21976.7 -2012 and GB 2890 -2009 The self-contained breathing apparatus testing system collects and analyzes various data through the computer. The data can be saved to the computer, and the subsequent data processing function can be carried out.

Airflow Performance TestTest Methods → NFPA 1981
Environmental Temperature Tests
Vibration Test
Fabric Flame Tests
Fabric Heat Tests
Thread Heat Test
Accelerated Corrosion Test
Particulate Test
Facepiece Lens Abrasion Test
Nonelectronic Communications Test
Heat and Flame Test
Facepiece Carbon Dioxide Content Test
EOSTI Independent Activation Test
EOSTI Recognition Test
HUD Wiring Connection Strength Test
HUD Low Power Source Visual Alert Signal Test
HUD Visibility Test
HUD Obscuration Test
HUD Disabling Glare Test
Cylinder Refill Breathing Performance Test
RIC UAC System Fill Rate Test
Breathing Air Cylinder and Valve Assembly Retention Test
Cylinder Connections and Accessibility Test
Heat and Immersion Leakage Tests
Supplementary Voice Communications System Performance Test
Low Power Capacity Test
Emergency Breathing Safety System Cold Temperature Performance Test
Lens Radiant Heat Test
Elevated Temperature Heat and Flame Resistance Test

Self-contained open-circuit compressed air respirator is a device for human breathing and protection with compressed air contained in gas cylinders as the gas source. It is mainly used for emergency rescue and disaster relief in fire protection, chemical industry, petroleum, metallurgy, ships, mines, laboratories, oil depots, warehouses and other departments. Self-contained open-circuit compressed air breathing apparatus is specially used for firefighters or emergency rescue personnel to safely and effectively carry out fire fighting, emergency rescue, disaster relief and rescue work in the environment of smoke, toxic gas, dust or lack of oxygen.

This standard shall specify the minimum requirementsfor the design, performance, testing, and certification of newcompressed breathing air open-circuit self-contained breath-ing apparatus (SCBA) and compressed breathing air combi-nation open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus andsupplied air respirators (SCBA/SARs) and for the replace-ment parts, components, and accessories for these respirators.Scope NFPA 1981
This standard shall also specify the minimum require-ments for the design, performance, testing, and certificationof replacement parts, components, and add-on accessories forsCBA and combination SCBA/SARs certified as compliant tospecific earlier editions of this standard.
This standard shall not specify requirements for othertypes of SCBA.
This standard shall not specify requirements for anyaccessories that could be attached to the certified product thatare not certified by the National Institute for OccupationalSafety and Health (NIOSH).
This standard shall not establish criteria for SCBA forwater or underwater operations.
This standard shall not establish criteria for protectionfrom ionizing radiation.
This standard shall not be construed as addressing all ofthe safety concerns associated with the use of compliant SCBAand combination SCBA/SARs.It shall be the responsibility ofthe persons and organizations that use compliant SCBA andcombination SCBA/SARs to establish safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limita-tions prior to use.
This standard shall not be construed as addressing all ofthe safety concerns, if any, associated with the use of this stan-dard by testing facilities. It shall be the responsibility of thepersons and organizations that use this standard to conducttesting of SCBA and combination SCBA/SARs to establishsafety and health practices and to determine the applicabilityof regulatory limitations prior to using this standard for anydesigning , manufacturing, and testing.
Nothing herein shall restrict any jurisdiction or manu-facturer from exceeding these minimum requirements.
The purpose of this standard shall be to establish mini-mum levels of protection for emergency services personnelfrom atmospheres that are categorized as immediately danger-ous to life and health (IDLH) atmospheres.Testing Purpose
Controlled laboratory tests used to determine compli-ance with the performance requirements of this standard shallnot be deemed as establishing performance levels for all respi-ratory protective situations and IDLH atmospheres to whichpersonnel can be exposed.
This standard shall not be interpreted or used as a de-tailed manufacturing or purchase specification but shall bepermitted to be referenced in purchase specifications as mini-mum requirements.
This standard shall apply to all open-circuit SCBA andcombination SCBA/SARs used by emergency services organi-zations for respiratory protection of its personnel during fire-fighting, rescue, hazardous materials,terrorist incident, andsimilar operations where products of combustion, oxygen de-ficiency,particulates,toxic products,or other IDLH atmo-spheres exist or could exist at the incident scene.The Application
If the SCBA is equipped with an EBSS, the EBSS per-formance requirements set forth in this standard shall applyonly to open-circuit SCBA and combination SCBA/SARs usedby the fire service for respiratory protection of its personnelduring the applications listed in 1.3.1.
This standard shall apply to the design, manufacturing,and certification of new open-circuit SCBA and combinationSCBA/SARs and shall apply to replacement parts,compo-nents, and add-on accessories for such respirators certified ascompliant to specific earlier editions of this standard.
This standard shall apply to accessories attached to theSCBA that are certified by NIOSH for use with that specificSCBA or combination sCBA/SARs.
This standard shall not apply to open-circuit SCBA andcombination SCBA/SARs manufactured according to previ-ous editions of this standard; however, organizations shall bepermitted to have open-circuit SCBA and combination SCBA/SARs that are certified as compliant with previous editions ofthis standard and modified to become compliant with this edi-tion of NFPA 1981.
This standard shall not apply to closed-circuit SCBA.
This standard shall not apply to accessories that can beattached to an open-circuit SCBA and combination SCBA/SARs but are not certified by NIOSH for use with that specificSCBA or combination SCBA/SARs.
This standard shall not apply to the use of SCBA andcombination SCBA/SARs; those requirements are specified inNFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety andHealth Program.

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