Shock Test, Compression Test and Vibration Test Equipment for ISTA 6-SAMSCLUB

ISTA 6-SAMSCLUB are the test of packaged products ready to be shipped to US destinations through the SAM distribution system. In this system, packaged products are typically shipped from the manufacturer or producer through one or more Distribution Centers (DCs) and then shipped to Sam’s Club (stores). Various types of handling can occur at a distribution center, including manual, forklift, plier truck, and more. The ISTA 6-SAMSCLUB tests are comprehensive simulation test procedure developed by ISTA in collaboration with Sam’s Club for packages shipped from the Sam’s Club distribution system to all parts of the United States.

ISTA 6-SAMCLUB stipulates that the original shipping configuration can be changed at the distribution center to suit the needs of the system and the requirements of the club (store). The final shipment to the club (shop) is usually on a pallet. The test was released as an ISTA project in October 2010. The ISTA 6-SAMCLUB test divides four types of packaging according to the nature of the product, packaging, loading mode, etc.:

Type A .Non-perishable, initially palletized product. Type A is further divided into the same pallet loading quantity arriving at the member store (warehouse) and changing the pallet loading quantity arriving at the member store (warehouse).
Type BNon-perishable, packaged products of 50 lbs or more originally used for floor loading.
Type CNon-perishable, packaged products less than 50 lbs originally used for floor loading.
Type DPerishable products originally shipped on pallets.

Drop Test Machine for ISTA 6-SAMSCLUB Packaging and Shipping Test

Test OrderTest TypeTest ContentTest LevelRemarkTypeA: Non-Perishable, Products Originally Shipped On Pallet Loads.
1Atmospheric PretreatmentTemperature And HumidityLaboratory Environment, 12 HoursRequired
2Atmospheric RegulationControlled Temperature And HumiditySelect The Temperature And Humidity From The List Provided By The Standard According To The Actual Situation.Optional
3ImpactInclined Or Horizontal Impact42 In/Sec (3.5 Ft/Sec) (1.1 M/Sec) Impact Velocity Or HigherRequired
4ImpactRotation Plane Drop6 Inches (150 Mm) (Domestic Shipping)|8 Inches (200 Mm) (International Shipping)Required
5Vertical CompressionUse A Standard Tray On TopCalculate The Holding Force According To The Formula, Test For 1 HourRequired
6VibrationRandomOverall Grms Level Of 0.46, 3 HourRequired
7ImpactSwivel Side Drop4 Inches (100mm) (Domestic Shipping)|6 Inches (150mm) (International Shipping)Required
8Flat PushPush Pallet Load With Fork Blade TipPush In 40 Inches (1 Meter) In 2-3 SecondsOnly Required For Goods On Custom Pallets
9Horizontal CompressionSimulate ClampingCalculated According To Formula, Clamped In Multiple Directions As IndicatedRequired Only In Certain Distributions
10ImpactFree Fall15″ (380 Mm) (Domestic Shipping)|18″ (46 Mm) (International Shipping)3 Drops Per Sample
11Vibration, Stacked VerticallyRandom, Three Samples Stacked VerticallyOverall Grms Level Of 0.55, 1 HourOnly Available For Certain Product Types And Distributions
12ImpactConcentrated Edge Impact12 Inches (300 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) | 15 Inches (380 Mm) (International Shipping)Flat Pack Only
13ImpactBridge Impact Test12 Inches (300 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) | 15 Inches (380 Mm) (International Shipping)For Long Packs Only

Type of Shock TestType of EquipmentEquipment RequirementsAdditional Required Equipment
Free-Fall Drop TestsFree-fall Drop TesterCompliance with the apparatus sections of ASTM D 5276 or ISO 2248
Rotatioinal FLAT Drop TestsRotational FLAT Drop TestsCompliance with the apparatus sections of ASTM D 6179 or ISO 2876
Rotational EDGE Drop TestsSupport BlockCompliance with the apparatus sections of ASTMD 6179 or ISO 2876Support Block|3.5 to 4.0 in (90 to 100 mm) in height and width and at least 8 in(200 mm) longer than the longest package dimension to be supported.
Inclined or Horizontal Impact TestsInclined and HorizontalCompliance with the apparatus sections of ASTM D 880 or ASTM D 4003 or ISO 2244
Concentrated Edge Impact TestsFree-fall Drop Tester with Edge Hazard BoxDrop tester in compliance with the apparatus sections of ASTM D 5276 or ISO 2248Concentrated Edge Hazard Box|12x12x 12 in (305 x 305x 305 mm)wood box with a total weight of 9 lb(4.1 kg). Any required ballast weight should be dense flowable material in a bag or bags, held in place with suitable void fill. The impact edge of the box shall be covered with angle iron.
Bridged Impact TestsFree-fall Drop Tester with Edge Hazard BoxCompliance with the apparatus section ofASTM D 5265, with the exception of the HazardBox (lmpactor).Concentrated Edge Hazard Boxand Support Blocks|See above for description of the Concentrated Edge Hazard Box|Support blocks (2 ea) shall be 3.5 to 4.0 in (90 to 100 mm) in height and width and at least 8 in (200 mm) longer than the longest package dimension to be supported.
Vertical Compression (Top-to-Bottom)Compression Test MachineCompliance with the apparatus section of ASTM D 642 “Fixed-Platen Testing Machine”.Standard 48×40 in (1200×1000 mm) block pallet, “picture-frame”, full-perimeter-base type, on top of test item. If test item is shipped on a custom pallet, use an identical custom pallet on top. Top pallet not required for smallfloor-loaded items and certain large floor-loaded items.
Vertical Compression (Top-to-Bottom)Weight(s) & Load SpreaderThe Load spreader must be larger than the top face of the test item, and shall be sufficiently rigid to apply a uniform compression force.See above for description of the pallet. Top pallet not required for small floor-loaded items and some large floor-loaded items. Safety stops are recommended to support the load spreader and weight(s) to prevent damage or injury in the event of a rapid collapse of the test item.
Horizontal Compression (Clamping Simulatioin)Clamp TesterPlatens must be larger than the side dimensionsof the test item, and with an opening sufficient to accommodate the testitem. The desired compression must be achieved with minimum overshoot.Controls must permit applying the required clamping force smoothly at a rate of 0.02-0.1 in/sec (0.5-2.5 mm/sec) and with minimum force overshoot. Force measurement accuracy towithin ± 5% of the actual value, using accepted calibration means.
Vertical VibrationRandom Vibration Test SystemCompliance with the apparatus section ofASTM D 4728 or ISO 13355Means must be provided to maintain proper alignment of the test item andany top load apparatus, and to prevent the test item from moving offthe vibration system’s platform, without restricting vertical motion ofthe test item or apparatus.
Flat Push with Fork Lift TruckFork Lift TruckA fork lift truck of sufficient capacity to handle the test specimens and complying with the apparatus sections of ASTM D 6055 or ISO 10531.

Test OrderTest TypeTest ContentTest LevelRemarkType B: Non-Perishable, Packaged Products Of 50 Lbs Or More Originally Used For Floor Loading
1Atmospheric PretreatmentTemperature And HumidityLaboratory Environment, 12 HoursRequired
2Atmospheric RegulationControlled Temperature And HumiditySelect The Temperature And Humidity From The List Provided By The Standard According To The Actual Situation.Optional
3ImpactInclined Or Horizontal Impact42 In/Sec (3.5 Ft/Sec) (1.1 M/Sec) Impact Velocity Or HigherRequired
4ImpactRotation Plane Drop7 Inches (180 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) ︱9 Inches (230mm) (International Shipping)Required
5Vertical CompressionUse A Standard Tray On TopCalculate The Holding Force According To The Formula, Test For 1hRequired
6VibrationRandomOverall Grms Level Of 0.46, 3hRequired
7Horizontal CompressionSimulate ClampingCalculated According To Formula, Clamped In Multiple Directions As IndicatedRequired Only In Certain Distributions
8ImpactSwivel Side Drop5 Inches (130 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) ︱7 Inches (180mm) (International Shipping)Required
9ImpactConcentrated Edge Impact12 Inches (300 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) ︱15 Inches (380 Mm) (International Shipping)Flat Pack Only
10ImpactBridge Impact Test12 Inches (300 Mm) (Domestic Shipping)︱15 Inches (380 Mm) (International Shipping)For Long Packs Only

Incline Impact Tester for ISTA 6-SAMSCLUB Packaging and Shipping Test

Test OrderTest TypeTest ContentTest LevelRemarkType C: Non-Perishable, Packaged Products Less Than 50 Lbs Originally Used For Floor Loading
1Atmospheric PretreatmentTemperature And HumidityLaboratory Environment, 12 HoursRequired
2Atmospheric RegulationControlled Temperature And HumiditySelect The Temperature And Humidity From The List Provided By The Standard According To The Actual Situation.Optional
3ImpactFree Fall6 Drops Max. 15 Inches (380 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) ︱ 18 Inches (460 Mm) (International Shipping)Required
4Vertical CompressionTest Multiple DirectionsCalculate The Holding Force According To The Formula, Test For 1hRequired
5Vibration, VerticalRandom Vibration, Top Load 0.0035lbs/In2, (0.96kg/M3)Overall Grms Level Was 0.46, 3hRequired
6Horizontal CompressionSimulate ClampingCalculated According To Formula, Clamped In Multiple Directions As IndicatedRequired Only In Certain Distributions
7ImpactFree Fall6 Drops Up To 26 Inches (660 Mm) (Domestic Shipping) ︱ 32 Inches (810 Mm) (International Shipping)Required
8ImpactConcentrated Edge Impact12 Inches (300 Mm) (Domestic Shipping)︱15 Inches (380 Mm) (International Shipping)Flat Pack Only
9ImpactBridge Impact Test12 Inches (300 Mm) (Domestic Shipping)︱15 Inches (380 Mm) (International Shipping)For Long Packs Only

ISTA 6-SAMSCLUB packaging test types A to D mainly include temperature and humidity pretreatment (balance of temperature and humidity between the package and laboratory environment), temperature and humidity treatment (simulate the temperature and humidity environment that may be experienced during transportation), impact (inclined impact, free fall, Choose from edge drop, rotating surface drop, concentrated edge shock, bridge shock), forklift test, pressure (vertical, horizontal), random vibration (with top load, without top load). The above test items are sequentially combined according to the specific test type.

Test OrderTest TypeTest ContentTest LevelRemarkType D: Perishable Products Originally Shipped On Pallets
1Atmospheric RegulationControlled Temperature And HumiditySelect The Appropriate Cool, Cold, Freeze Mode From The TableOptional
2ImpactSwivel Side Drop4 Inches (100mm) (Domestic Shipping)︱6 Inches (150mm) (International Shipping)Required, Test The Entire Pallet
3Vertical CompressionTop To Bottom Standard Tray On TopCalculate The Holding Force By The Formula For 30 Seconds, ReleaseRequired, Test The Entire Pallet
4ImpactFree Fall15 Inches (380 Mm) (Domestic Shipping)︱18 Inches (460 Mm) (International Shipping)Required, 3 Drops Per Sample

Electromagnetic Vibration Table Vertical Vibration Tester Testing Machine

Perishable: Typical products such as food, beverages, flowers, etc., are prone to spoilage or rot once they leave a predetermined temperature, humidity or other conditions.
Non-Perishable: Products that will not be damaged by extreme temperature and humidity.
Ground Loading: Products that are not initially packaged or transported on pallets, but are directly loaded into a transport vehicle or shipping container as a unit. The membership store (warehouse) quantity is a box or collection unit.
Large Ground Loading: the mass is greater than or equal to 50lb (23kg) or the major long edge is greater than or equal to 24in (610mm) and the secondary long edge is greater than or equal to 20in (510mm) and the small short edge is greater than or equal to 20in (510mm) or any dimension is greater than or equal to 30in (760mm).
Small Ground Loads: Small ground loads are not defined as large ground loads.

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