Test Standards for Types of Electrical Wires and Cables

In the International Standard Classification, Wire and cable testing involves insulation materials, fire protection, components and accessories for telecommunication equipment, wires and cables, and optical fiber communications. In the Chinese standard classification, wire and cable testing involves electrical insulating materials and their products, cables and their accessories, fire protection, electrical materials and general parts.Wire and cable are wire products used to transmit electrical (magnetic) energy, information and realize electromagnetic energy conversion. The generalized wire and cable is also referred to as the cable, and the narrowly defined cable refers to the insulated cable.

With the development of the power industry in Southeast Asia, the requirements for supporting industries are getting higher and higher. As an important part of the power supporting industry, wires and cables are no exception. They are facing the need for upgrading to meet the needs of the overall power development. Future wire and cable enterprises should work hard on improving technology, saving raw materials, and developing new environmentally friendly materials. The development of the wire and cable industry has promoted the development of power transmission and distribution, power transmission and other industries. With the development of power, data communication, urban rail transit and other industries in the Asia-Pacific region, the demand for wire and cable products has increased, which has promoted the scale of the industry improvement.

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AATCC TM 169-2009AATCC TM 169-2009 Weather Resistance of Textiles: Xenon Lamp Exposure
AATCC TM186AATCC TM186 Weather Resistance: UV Light and Moisture Exposure
ANSI A14.5-2017ANSI A14.5-2017 American National Standard for Ladders – Portable Reinforced Plastic – Safety Requirements
ANSI ASABE S642 ANSI ASABE S642 SEP2018 Recommended Methods for Measurement and Testing of LED Products for Plant Growth and Development
ANSI EIA-364-32CANSI EIA-364-32C Thermal Shock (Temperature Cycling) Test Procedure for Electrical Connectors and Sockets
ANSI ISEA Z89.1ANSI ISEA Z89.1-2014 American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection
ASTM A904ASTM A904 Standard Specification for 50 Nickel-50 lron Powder Metallurgy Soft Magnetic Parts
ASTM B1ASTM B1 Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper Wire
ASTM B3-13ASTM B3-13(2018) Standard Specification for Soft or Annealed Copper Wire
ASTM B33-2014ASTM B33-2014 Standard Specification for Tin-Coated Soft or Annealed Copper Wire for Electrical Purposes
ASTM B117-2007ASTM B117-2007 Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
ASTM B298-2017ASTM B298-2017 Standard Specification for Silver-Coated Soft or Annealed Copper Wire
ASTM B355ASTM B355 Standard Specification for Nickel-Coated Soft or Annealed Copper Wire
ASTM B368ASTM B368 Standard Test Method for Copper-Accelerated Acetic Acid-Salt Spray (Fog) Testing (CASS Test)
ASTM B380-2013ASTM B380-2013 Standard Test Method for Corrosion Testing of Decorative Electrodeposited Coatings by the Corrodkote Procedure
ASTM B537-70ASTM B537-70 Standard Practice for Rating of Electroplated Panels Subjected to Atmospheric Exposure
ASTM C732ASTM C732 Standard Test Method for Aging Effects of Artificial Weathering on Latex Sealants
ASTM C734ASTM C734 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Flexibility of Latex Sealants After Artificial Weathering
ASTM C793ASTM C793 Standard Test Method for Effects of Laboratory Accelerated Weathering on Elastomeric Joint Sealants
ASTM C1257ASTM C1257 Standard Test Method for Accelerated Weathering of Solvent-Release-Type Sealants
ASTM C1442ASTM C1442 Standard Practice for Conducting Tests on Sealants Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
ASTM C1501ASTM C1501 Standard Test Method for Color Stability of Building Construction Sealants as Determined by Laboratory Accelerated Weathering Procedures
ASTM C1519ASTM C1519 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Durability of Building Construction Sealants by Laboratory Accelerated Weathering Procedures
ASTM D 5010ASTM D 5010 Standard Guide for Testing Printing Inks and Related Materials
ASTM D 5019ASTM D 5019 Standard Specification for Reinforced Non-Vulcanized Polymeric Sheet Used in Roofing Membrane
ASTM D 6551-00ASTM D 6551-00 Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes by Xenon-Arc Exposure Apparatus
ASTM D 6577ASTM D 6577 Standard Guide for Testing Industrial Protective Coatings
ASTM D 6662–01ASTM D 6662–01 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
ASTM D 6695-03bASTM D 6695-03b Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM D256 – 10 ASTM D256 – 10 (2018) Standard Test Methods for Determining the lzod Pendulum lmpact Resistance of Plastics
ASTM D297-2015ASTM D297-2015 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Products—Chemical Analysis
ASTM D638ASTM D638 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
ASTM D648ASTM D648 Standard Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position
ASTM D750ASTM D750 Standard Practice for Rubber Deterioration Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
ASTM D792 – 20ASTM D792 – 20 Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
ASTM D882-12ASTM D882-12 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
ASTM D904-99 ASTM D904-99 Standard Practice for Exposure of Adhesive Specimens to Artificial Light
ASTM D925ASTM D925 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property- Staining of Surfaces (Contact, Migration, and Diffusion)
ASTM D999ASTM D999 Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D1148ASTM D1148 Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration- Discoloration from Ultraviolet (UV) or UV/Visible Radiation and Heat Exposure of Light-Colored Surfaces
ASTM D1149-16ASTM D1149-16 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration- Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment
ASTM D1238ASTM D1238 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
ASTM D1525ASTM D1525 Standard Test Method for Vicat Softening Temperature of Plastics
ASTM D1654-16ASTM D1654-16 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
ASTM D1670Standard Test Method for Failure End Point in Accelerated and Outdoor Weathering of Bituminous Materials
ASTM D1735-14Standard Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Fog Apparatus
ASTM D2565Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
ASTM D2794 -93 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Organic Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation (Impact)
ASTM D3424-11Standard Practice for Evaluating the Relative Lightfastness and Weatherability of Printed Matter
ASTM D3451Standard Guide for Testing Coating Powders and Powder Coatings
ASTM D3580-95Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
ASTM D3638-12Standard Test Method for Comparative Tracking Index of Electrical Insulating Materials
ASTM D3794-2013Standard Guide for Testing Coil Coatings
ASTM D4101Standard Specification for Polypropylene injection and Extrusion Materials
ASTM D4303-10Standard Test Methods for Lightfastness of Colorants Used in Artists’ Materials
ASTM D4329-21Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus Exposure of Plastics
ASTM D4355/D4355M -14Standard Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles by Exposure to Light, Moisture and Heat in a Xenon Arc Type Apparatus
ASTM D4434Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Sheet Roofing
ASTM D4459-12 Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Indoor Applications
ASTM D4587-11Standard Practice for Fluorescent UV-Condensation Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
ASTM D4637Standard Specification for EPDM Sheet Used In Single-Ply Roof Membrane
ASTM D4728-17Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
ASTM D4798Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering Test Conditions and Procedures for Bituminous Materials (Xenon-Arc Method)
ASTM D4799Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering Test Conditions and Procedures for Bituminous Materials ( Fluorescent UV, Water Spray, and Condensation Method)
ASTM D4811Standard Specification for Nonvulcanized (Uncured) Rubber Sheet Used as Roof Flashing
ASTM D5071-06 Standard Practice for Exposure of Photodegradable Plastics in a Xenon Arc Apparatus

The development of carbon fiber is getting faster and faster in recent years. One possibility is that carbon fiber cable may replace the traditional steel core aluminum stranded wire in the future. Carbon fiber cable is an alternative to traditional steel core aluminum stranded wire (bare wire), mainly used in 110kV ~ 220kV lines. Compared with the conventional steel core aluminum conductor (ACSR), the aluminum cross-sectional area of ​​the ACCC is increased by 29%, and the weight per unit length is 20% lighter. loss.

Cable companies can realize power grid expansion without adding new lines by replacing a large number of ordinary conductors with ACCC conductors, greatly saving land, towers, and engineering costs, and in line with the policy direction of energy conservation and efficiency enhancement. Wewon Environmental Chambers Co., Ltd. as a professional manufacturer of wire and cable testing laboratory equipment favored by Chinese foreign trade enterprises. With perfect qualifications, profound technical capabilities, high-quality service guarantees, authoritative credibility and convenient national service network, we provide one-stop overall technical solutions for wire and cable testing equipment for various industries around the world.

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High temperature superconducting technology will be greatly developed in the future. Due to the advantages of relatively low price, large capacity, low loss, and no electromagnetic pollution, high-temperature superconducting cables are highly valued internationally, and many countries have raised the development of superconducting industry to a strategic level. China has made major breakthroughs in high-temperature superconducting technology. Therefore, the research and development and application of high-temperature superconducting technology will be an important technology for the wire and cable industry in the future.

With the emergence of environmental pollution such as smog, today’s people pay more and more attention to environmental protection, and the wire and cable industry is no exception, and will inevitably face environmental protection requirements. The environmental protection of the wire and cable industry mainly refers to the environmental protection of materials.At present, a large number of polymer chemical materials such as rubber, polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene are used in the production of wire and cable. A large amount of toxic and harmful gases are produced in the production process.

ASTM D5208-2014Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Exposure of Photodegradable Plastics
ASTM D5215-93 Standard Test Method for Instrumental Evaluation of Staining of VinyI Flooring by Adhesives
ASTM D5383Standard Practice for Visual Determination of the Lightfastness of Art Materials by Art Technologists
ASTM D5398Standard Practice for Visual Evaluation of the Lightfastness of Art Materials by the User
ASTM D5819-18Standard Guide for Selecting Test Methods for Experimental Evaluation of Geosynthetic Durability
ASTM D5894Standard Practice for Cyclic Salt Fog/UV Exposure of Painted Metal, (Alternating Exposures in a Fog/Dry Cabinet and a UV/Condensation Cabinet)
ASTM D6083Standard Specification for Liquid Applied Acrylic Coating Used in Roofing
ASTM D6878-2017Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Polyolefin Based Sheet Roofing
ASTM D7264Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
ASTM D7869-2017Standard Practice for Xenon Arc Exposure Test with Enhanced Light and Water Exposure for Transportation Coatings
ASTM E3006Standard Practice for UItraviolet Conditioning of Photovoltaic Modules or Mini- Modules Using a Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus
ASTM F 1945Standard Practice for Determining the Lightfastness of Ink Jet Prints Exposed to Indoor Fluorescent Lighting
ASTM F1515Standard Test Method for Measuring Light Stability of Resilient Flooring by Color Change
ASTM F2357-2010Standard Test Method for Determining the Abrasion Resistance of Inks and Coatings on Membrane Switches Using the Norman Tool “RCA” Abrader
ASTM F2366Standard Practice for Determining the Relative Lightfastness of Ink Jet Prints Exposed to Window Filtered Daylight Using a Xenon Arc Light Apparatus
ASTM G 53Standard Practice for Determining the Relative Lightfastness of Ink Jet Prints Exposed to Window Filtered Daylight Using a Xenon Arc Light Apparatus
ASTM G151-10Standard Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources
ASTM G154Standard Practice for Operating Fluorescent Light Apparatus for UV Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
ASTM G155-05a Standard Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non- Metallic Materials
BS 2782-(003)Methods Of Testing Plastics – Part 6: Dimensional Properties – Methods 620A To 620D: Determination Of Density And Relative Density Of Non-Cellular Plastics
BS EN 927-6Paints And Varnishes – Coating Materials . And Coating Systems For Exterior Wood
BS EN 1288-1-2000Glass In Building – Determination Of The Bending Strength Of Glass → Part 1: Fundamentals Of Testing Glass
BS EN 1363-1-2012Fire Resistance Tests – Part 1: General Requirements
BS EN 50265-1Common Test Methods For Cables Under Fire Conditions → Test For Resistance To Vertical Flame Propagation For A Single Insulated Conductor Or Cable → Part 1: Apparatus
BS EN 60335-1Household And Similar Electrical Appliances – Safety- Part 1: General Requirements
BS EN 60695-2-13Fire Hazard Testing – Part 2-13: Glowing/Hot Wire Based Tests Methods → Glow-Wire Ignitability Test Method For Materials
BS EN 60695-11-2Fire Hazard Testing → Part 11-2: Test Flames → 1 Kw Nominal Pre-Mixed Flame → Apparatus, Confirmatory Test Arrangement And Guidance
BS EN IEC60086-4Primary Batteries – Part 4: Safety Of Lithium Batteries
BS EN ISO 4611Plastics – Determination Of The Effects Of Exposure To Damp Heat, Water Spray And Salt Mist (ISO 4611:2010)
BS EN ISO 4892-3Plastics- Methods Of Exposure To Laboratory Light Sources
BS EN ISO 6158Metallic Coatings – Electrodeposited Coatings Of Chromium For Engineering Purposes
BS EN ISO 8580Rubber And Plastics Hoses → Determination Of Ultra-Violet Resistance Under Static Conditions
BS EN ISO 13355Packaging – Complete, Filled Transport Packages And Unit Loads – – Vertical Random Vibration Test (ISO 13355:2016)
BS IEC 60695-10-2Fire Hazard Testing – Part 10: Guidance And Test Methods For The Minimization Of The Effects Of Abnormal Heat On Electrotechnical Products Involved In Fires – Section 2: Method For Testing Products Made From Non-Metallic Materials For Resistance To Heat Using The Ball Pressure Test
BS ISO 12192-2011Paper And Board – Determination Of Compressive Strength – Ring Crush Method
CEI IEC 68-1Amendment 1 Environmental Testing Part 1: General And Guidance
CEI IEC 227-1Polyvinyl Chloride Insulated Cables Of Rated Voltages Up To And Including 450/750 V Part 1: General Requirements
CEI IEC 811Common Test Methods For Insulating And Sheathing Materials Of Electric Cables – Part 1: Methods For General Application – Section 1: Measurement Of Thickness And Overall Dimensions – Tests For Determining The Mechanical Properties
CEI IEC 60065Audio, Video And Similar Electronic Apparatus – Safety Requirements
CEI IEC 60068-2-1Environmental Testing – Part 2-1: Tests- Test A: Cold
CEI IEC 60227-2Polyvinyl Chloride Insulated Cables Of Rated Voltages Up To And Including 450/750 V – Part 2: Test Methods
CEI IEC 60245-2Rubber Insulated Cables – Rated Voltages Up To And Including 450/750 V – Part 2: Test Methods
CEI IEC 60332-2-1Tests On Electric And Optical Fibre Cables Under Fire Conditions – Part 2-1: Test For Vertical Flame Propagation For A Single Small Insulated Wire Or Cable – Apparatus
CEI IEC 60332-2-2Tests On Electric And Optical Fibre Cables Under Fire Conditions – Part 2-2: Test For Vertical Flame Propagation For A Single Small Insulated Wire Or Cable – Procedure For Diffusion Flame
IEC 60695-11-10Fire Hazard Testing – Part 11-10: Test Flames – 50 W Horizontal And Vertical Flame Test Methods
CEI IEC 60745-1Hand-Held Motor-Operated Electric Tools – Safety – Part 1: General Requirements
CEI IEC 60811-1-2Amendment 2 Common Test Methods For Insulating And Sheathing Materials Of Electric And Optical Cables – Part 1-2: Methods For General Application → Thermal Ageing Methods
CEI IEC 61058-1Switches For Appliances- Part 1: General Requirements
CEI IEC 61345UV Test For Photovoltaic (PV) Modules
CEI IEC 62133Secondary Cells And Batteries Containing Alkaline Or Other Non-Acid Electrolytes – Safety Requirements For Portable Sealed Secondary Cells, And For Batteries Made From Them, For Use In Portable Applications
TS 60695-2-20Fire Hazard Testing – Part 2-20: Glowing/Hot Wire Based Test Methods – Hot-Wire Coil Ignitability – Apparatus, Test Method And Guidance
CV70-2300-5CTS – Climatic Test Cabinet For Combination With Vibration Type CV -70/2300-5
D47 1431Materials And Parts In The Passenger Compartment Appearance Behaviour To Artificial Light At High And Mean Temperatures
DIN 695Chain Slings With Hooks Or End Links, Grade 2
DIN 50021Page 2 DIN 50021 Table 1. Conditions For Spray Testing
EN 60068-2-68Environmental Testing—Part 2: Tests Test L: Dust And Sand (IEC 68-2-68 : 1994)
EN ISO 105-B07Textiles Tests For Colour Fastness – Part B07: Colour Fastness To Light Of Textiles Wetted With Artificial Perspiration (ISO 105-B07:2009); German Version EN ISO 105-B07:2009
DIN EN ISO 7253Paints And Varnishes- Determination Of Resistance To Neutral Salt Spray (Fog) (ISO 7253:1996); German Version EN ISO 7253:2001
DIN VDE 0281-1Cables Of Rated Voltages Up To And Including 450/750 V And Having Thermoplastic Insulation – Part 1: General Requirements; German Version HD 21.1 S4:2002
DIN VDE 0281-14Cables Of Rated Voltage Up To And Including 450/750 V And Having Thermoplastic Insulation → Part 14: Flexible Cables (Cords), Insulated And Sheathed With Halogen-Free Thermoplastic Compounds; German Version HD 21.14 S1:2003
DIN VDE 0295Conductors Of Cables, Wires And Flexible Cords For Power Installation
DIN VDE 0470-1Degrees Of Protection Provided By Enclosures(IP Code)
DIN VDE 0471-1-1Fire Hazard Testing; Part 1: Guidance For The Preparation Of Requirements And Test Specilications For Assessing Fire Hazard Of Electrotechnical Products, General Guidance; Identical With IEC 695-1-1 Edition 1982
DIN VDE 0472-403Testing Of Cables And Insulated Lines
DIN VDE 0472-509Testing Of Cables And Insulated Lines
DIN VDE 0620-1Plugs And Socket-Outlets For Household And Similar Purposes – Part 1: General Requirements
DIN VDE 0620Sockets Up To 400 V 25 A
E DIN SPEC 79009EPAC-Cycles – Enviornmental Assessment – Safety Related Aspects
ECIA EIA 364 09DDurability Test Procedure For Electrical Connectors And Contacts
EIA 364 41CCable Flexing Test Procedure For Electrical Connectors
EN 927 6-2006Paints And Varnishes – Coating Materials And Coating Systems For Exterior Wood – Part 6: Exposure Of Wood Coatings To Artificial Weathering Using Fluorescent UV Lamps And Water
EN 13602-2013Copper And Copper Alloys – Drawn, Round Copper Wire For The Manufacture Of Electrical Conductors
EN-50397-1-2020Covered Conductors For Overhead Lines And The Related Accessories For Rated Voltages Above 1 Kv AC And Not Exceeding 36 kV AC- Part 1: Covered Conductors
FED FED-STD-141DPaint, Varnish, Lacquer And Rel Ated Materials: Methods Of Inspection, Sampling And Testing
FLTM BO 116-01Exposure Of Interior Trim Materials In A Controlled Irradiance Water Cooled Xenon-Arc Apparatus
GME 60292 Determination of Colour Fastness and Resistance to Aritificial Light
GMW3414Artificial Weathering Of Automotive Interior Trim Materials
GMW14162-2011Colorfastness To Artificial Weathering
GMW14170Coating Requirements For Elastomeric Seals
GMW14650Performance Requirements For Exterior Plastic Parts
IEC 68-2-6IEC Publication 68-2-6 (Sixth Edition – 1995) Environmental Testing – Part 2: Tests—Test FC: Vibration (Sinusoidal)
IEC 60068-2-2Environmental Testing – Part 2-2: Tests- Test B: Dry heat
IEC 60068-2-31Environmental Testing – Part 2-31: Tests – Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily for equipment-type specimens
IEC 60068-2-32Basic Environmental Testing Procedures Part 2: Test- Test Ed: Free Fall
IEC 60086-1Primary Batteries – Part1: General
IEC 60112Method For The Determination Of The Proof And The Comparative Tracking Indices Of Solid Insulating Materials
IEC 60228Conductors Of Insulated Cables
IEC 60320-1Appliance Couplers For Household And Similar General Purposes – Part 1: General Requirements
IEC 60332-1-2Tests On Electric And Optical Fibre Cables Under Fire Conditions – Part 1-2: Test For Vertical Flame Propagation For A Single Insulated Wire Or Cable – Procedure For 1 Kw Pre -Mixed Flame
IEC 60332-1-3Tests On Electric And Optical Fibre Cables Under Fire Conditions – Part 1-3: Test For Vertical Flame Propagation For A Single Insulated Wire Or Cable → Procedure For Determination Of Flaming Droplets/Particles
IEC 60335-1Household And Similar Electrical Appliances – Safety – Part 1: General Requirements
IEC 60335-2-2Household And Similar El Ectrical Appliances – Safety – Part 2-2: Particular Requirements For Vacuum Cleaners And Water-Suction Cleaning Appliances
IEC 60335-2-23Household And Similar Electrical Appliances – Safety – Part 2-23: Particular Requirements For Appliances For Skin Or Hair Care
IEC 60529-2013Degrees Of Protection Provided By Enclosures (IP Code)
IEC 60598-1Luminaires – Part 1: General Requirements And Tests
IEC 60598-2-3Luminaires – Part 2-3: Particular Requirements – Luminaires For Road And Street Lighting
IEC 60598-2-20Luminaires – Part 2-20: Particular Requirements – Lighting Chains

Therefore, it is necessary to actively develop environmentally friendly materials and produce environmentally friendly wires and cables. From the perspective of wire and cable installation, it is also facing a new development trend, that is, the sheath is thin and the cross-section is miniaturized. In view of the convenience of installation, use and transportation, and at the same time reducing the cost of raw materials as much as possible, wire and cable products have an increasing tendency to develop, that is, cables develop into thinner sheaths and smaller cross-sections, while ensuring the current carrying capacity.

Measurement of Wire DC Resistance → For wires and cables, the conductor part is the most important part. The conductive core of the wire and cable mainly transmits electrical energy or electrical signals. The resistance of the wire is the main indicator of its electrical performance. Now the standard stipulates that whether the DC resistance or resistivity of the wire core exceeds the value specified in the standard. The main purpose of this inspection is to find some defects in the production process: such as wire breakage or part of the single wire breakage; wire cross-section does not meet the standard; product length is incorrect and so on.

IEC 60695-2-12Fire Hazard Testing – Part 2-12: Glowing/Hot-Wire Based Test Methods – Glow-Wire Flammability Test Method For Materials
IEC 60695-11-2Fire Hazard Testing – Part 11-2: Test Flames – 1 Kw Nominal Pre-Mixed Flame – Apparatus, Confirmatory Test Arrangement And Guidance
IEC60695-11-20Fire Hazard Testing – Part 11-20: Test Flames – 500 W Flame Test Method
IEC 60884-1Plugs And Socket-Outlets For Household And Similar Purposes – Part 1: General Requirements
IEC 60950-1Information Technology Equipment – Safety – Part 1: General Requirements
IEC 62133-1Secondary Cells And Batteries Containing Alkaline Or Other Non-Acid Electrolytes – Safety Requirements For Portable Sealed Secondary Cells, And For Batteries Made From Them, For Use In Portable Applications – Part 1: Nickel Systems
ISO 75-1-2020Plastics – Determination Of Temperature Of Deflection Under Load – Part 1: General Test Method
ISO 105-B02Textiles – Tests For Colour Fastness – Part B02: Colour Fastness To Artificial Light: Xenon Arc Fading Lamp Test → Amendment 2
ISO 105-B04Textiles -Tests For Colour Fastness – Part B04: . Colour Fastness To Artificial Weathering: Xenon Arc Fading Lamp Test
ISO 105-B06Textiles – Tests For Colour Fastness- Part B06: Colour Fastness And Ageing To Artificial Light At High Temperatures: Xenon Arc Fading Lamp Test
ISO 105-B10Textiles- Tests For Colour Fastness- Part B10: Artificial Weathering- Exposure To Filtered Xenon-Arc Radiation
ISO 179-2-2020Plastics Determination Of Charpy Impact Properties → Part 2: Instrumented Impact Test
ISO 180-2000Plastics Determination Of Lzod Impact Strength
ISO 527-1-1993Plastics Determination Of Tensile Properties – Part 1: General Principles
ISO 1133-2005Plastics Determination Of The Melt Mass-Flow Rate (MFR) And The Melt Volume-Flow Rate (MVR) Of Thermoplastics
ISO 1183-1-2019Plastics Methods For Determining The Density Of Non-Cellular Plastics → Part 1: Immersion Method, Liquid Pycnometer Method And Titration Method
ISO 1431-1Rubber, Vulcanized Or Thermoplastic → Resistance To Ozone Cracking → Part 1: Static And Dynamic Strain Testing
ISO 1817-2015Rubber, Vulcanized Or Thermoplastic → Determination Of The Effect Of Liquids
ISO 1920-12Testing Of Concrete → Part 12: Determination Of The Carbonation Resistance Of Concrete – Accelerated Carbonation Method
ISO 2234-2000Packaging → Complete, Filled Transport Packages And Unit Loads – Stacking Tests Using A Static Load
ISO 2247-2000Packaging → Complete, Filled Transport Packages And Unit Loads → Vibration Tests At Fixed Low Frequency
ISO 2248-1985Packaging → Complete, Filled Transport Packages → Vertical Impact Test By Dropping
ISO 2759-2014Board- Determination Of Bursting Strength
ISO 2781-2008Rubber, Vulcanized Or Thermoplastic → Determination Of Density
ISO 2872-1985Complete, Filled Transport Packages – Method For Determination Of Resistance To Compression
ISO 2874-1985Complete, Filed Transport Packages Part 9. Method Of Test For Stacking Using Compression Tester
ISO 3873-1977Industrial Safety Helmets
ISO 3917Road Vehicles – Safety Glazing Materials – Test Methods For Resistance To Radiation, High Temperature, Humidity, Fire And Simulated Weathering
ISO 4892-1Plastics – Methods Of Exposure To Laboratory Light Sources → Part 1: General Guidance
ISO 4892-2Copyright Notice & Terms Of Use
ISO 6931-1-2016Stainless Steels For Springs → Part 1: Wire
ISO 7800-2012Metallic Materials → Wire → Simple Torsion Test
ISO 9227-2006Corrosion Tests In Artificial Atmospheres → Salt Spray Tests
ISO 11341-2004Paints And Varnishes – Artificial Weathering And Exposure To Artificial Radiation – Exposure To Filtered Xenon-Arc Radiation
ISO 11507-2007Paints And Varnishes – Exposure Of Coatings To Artificial Weathering – Exposure To Fluorescent UV Lamps And Water
ISO 12040Graphic Technology – Prints And Printing Inks – Assessment Of Light Fastness Using Filtered Xenon Arc Light
ISO 12048-1994Packaging – Complete, Filled Transport Packages – Compression And Stacking Tests Using A Compression Tester
ISO 16474-1Paints And Varnishes – Methods Of Exposure To Laboratory Light Sources – Part 1: General Guidance
ISO 16474-2Paints And Varnishes – Methods Of Exposure To Laboratory Light Sources – Part 2: Xenon-Arc Lamps
ISO 18909-2006Photography – Processed Photographic Colour Films And Paper Prints – Methods For Measuring Image Stability
ISO 18930-2011Imaging Materials – Pictorial Colour Reflection Prints – Methods For Evaluating Image Stability Under Outdoor Conditions
ISO 18937-2014Imaging Materials – Photographic Reflection Prints – Methods For Measuring Indoor Light Stability
ISO 20340Paints And Varnishes – Performance Requirements For Protective Paint Systems For Offshore And Related Structures
JASO D611-09eAutomotive Parts – Unscreened Low-Voltage Cables
JASO M346Light-Exposure Test Method By Xenon-Arc Lamp For Automotive Interior Part
JASO M351Automotive Parts – Accelerated Weathering Testing Method By Xenon-Arc Lamp For Exterior Parts
JIS A 5430Fiber Reinforced Cement Boards
JIS B 7754Light-Exposure And Light- And-Water-Exposure Apparatus (Xenon-Arc Lamp Type)
JIS C 3005Test Methods For Rubber Or Plastic Insulated Wires And Cables
JIS C 8306Testing Methods For Wiring Devices
JIS C 0044Environmental Testing Part 2: Tests. Test Ed : Free Fall
JIS D 0205Test Method Of Weatherability For Automotive Parts

Insulation Resistance Test → Insulation resistance reflects an important indicator of the insulation properties of wire and cable products, which is closely related to the electrical strength of the product, dielectric loss, and the gradual deterioration of insulating materials under working conditions. Determination of insulation resistance can find defects in the process: such as insulation dry and impervious or sheath damaged and damp; insulation is polluted and mixed with conductive impurities; insulation layer cracking caused by various reasons, etc. For communication cables, if the insulation resistance between wires is too low, it will also increase loop attenuation, crosstalk between loops, and long-distance power supply leakage on the conductive core. Therefore, the insulation resistance is required to be higher than the specified value.

Measurement of Capacitance and Dissipation Factor → When the AC voltage is applied to the cable, a current flows. When the amplitude and frequency of the voltage are constant, the magnitude of the capacitor current is proportional to the capacitance (Cx) of the cable. For ultra-high voltage cables, the current of this capacitor may reach a value comparable to the rated current, which becomes an important factor limiting the cable capacity and transmission distance. Therefore, the capacitance of the cable is also one of the main electrical performance parameters of the cable. In the AC electric field, the insulator in the cable will form dielectric loss due to leakage current and various polarizations, which is expressed by the dielectric loss factor or loss tangent (TANδ), which not only wastes electric energy, but also makes the dielectric (insulator) loss. ) generates heat and accelerates insulation aging, so TANδ is also one of the main parameters of the cable.

JIS H 8502Methods Of Corrosion Resistance Test For Metallic Coatings
JIS K 5400Testing Methods For Paints
JIS-K-5600-7-8Testing Methods For Paints – Part 7 : Long- Period Performance Section 8 : Accelerated Weathering (Exposure To Fluorescent UV Lamps)
JIS K 6259-1993Testing Methods Of Resistance To Ozone Cracking For Vulcanized Rubber
JIS K 6745Plastics – Unplasticized Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Sheets
JIS T 8131Industrial Safety Helmet
JIS Z 0202-1994Method Of Drop Test For Packaged Freights
JIS Z 2371-2000Methods Of Salt Spray Testing
IEC 62133-2Secondary Cells And Batteries Containing Alkaline Or Other Non-Acid Electrolytes – Safety Requirements For Portable Sealed Secondary Cells, And For Batteries Made From Them, For Use In Portable Applications – Part 2: Lithium Systems
IEC 62281Safety Of Primary And Secondary Lithium Cells And Batteries During Transport
IEC-60335-1Amendment 2 Household And Similar Electrical Appliances – Safety – Part 1: General Requirements
MIL-STD 810Military Standard Environmental Test Methods For Aerospace And Ground Equipment
MIL-STD-202GMIL-STD-202G Method 107G Thermal Shock
MIL-STD-810FEnvironmental Engineering Considerations And Laboratory Tests
N-2627Special Purpose Steam Turbines
PV 1303-2001Non-Metallic Materials Exposure Test of Passenger Compartment Components
PV 1306Non-metallic materials Exposure test to determine the stickiness of PP plastics
PV 3929Non-Metallic Materials Weather Aging in Dry, Hot Climate
SAE J1885Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Interior Trim Components Using a Controlled Irradiance Water Cooled Xenon-Arc Apparatus
SAE J1960Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Controlled Irradiance Water-Cooled Xenon Arc Apparatus
SAE J2020-2016Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Fluorescent UV and Condensation Apparatus
SAE-J2413Protocol To Verify Performance of New Xenon Arc Test Apparatus
SAE J2527-2017Performance Based Standard for Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Controlled Irradiance Xenon-Arc Apparatus
TAPPI T 403 OMBursting Strength Of Paper
TAPPI T 804 OMCompression Test Of Fiberboard Shipping Containers
UL 13UL Standard for Safety tor Power-Limited Circuit Cables
UL 62-2014UL Standard for Safety for Flexible Cords and Cables
UL 94-2013UL Standard for Safety for Tests for Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances
UL 310UL Standard for Safety for Electrical Quick Connect Terminals
UL 444UL Standard for Safety for Communications Cables
UL 498UL Standard for Safety for Attachment Plugs and Receptacles
UL 510UL Standard for Safety for Polyvinyl Chloride, Polyethylene, and Rubber Insulating Tape
UL 697UL Standard for Safety for Toy Transformers
UL 746A-2013UL Standard for Safety for Polymeric Materials → Short Term Property Evaluations
UL 758UL Standard for Safety for Appliance Wiring Material
UL 817UL Standard for Safety for Cord Sets and Power-Supply Cords
UL 1581-2016UL Standard for Safety for Reference Standard for Electrical Wires, Cables, and Flexible Cords
UL 1642-2012UL Standard for Safety for Lithium Batteries
UL 1655-2008UL The following changes in requirements to the Standard for Community-Antenna Television Cables
UL 1690-2016UL Standard for Safety Data-Processing Cable
UL 1694-2015UL Standard for Safety for Tests for Flammability of Small Polymeric Component Materials
UL 2054-2011UL Standard for Safety for Household and Commercial Batteries
UN 38.3Transport Of Dangerous Goods Manual Of Tests And Criteria Fourth Revised Edition
VDA 75202Materials for Motor Vehicle Interior Equipment Colour Fastness Examination And Ageing Behaviour To Light At High Temperatures Xenon Arc Light

Dielectric Strength Test → The insulation strength of a wire and cable refers to the ability of the insulating structure and insulating material to withstand the action of an electric field without breakdown damage. In order to check the quality of wire and cable products and ensure the safe operation of the product, all insulation types of wires and cables are generally subject to insulation strength tests. Dielectric strength test can be divided into withstand voltage test and breakdown test. The withstand voltage test is to apply a certain voltage to the test product under certain conditions, and after a certain period of time, whether the breakdown occurs is used as the criterion for judging whether the test product is qualified. The time voltage is generally higher than the rated working voltage of the test product, and the specific voltage value and withstand voltage time are specified in the product standard. The breakdown test is to measure the breakdown field strength or breakdown voltage under certain test conditions, increase the voltage until the breakdown of the sample occurs. Through the breakdown test, the safety margin between the ability of the cable to withstand the voltage and the working voltage can be assessed. One of the important parameters in cable design at breakdown field strength.

Aging and Stability Test → The aging test is a stability test that can maintain stable performance under the action of stress (mechanical, electrical, thermal). The simple thermal aging test is to test the aging characteristics of the sample under the action of heat: put the sample in an environment with a temperature higher than the rated working temperature, and after a specified time, measure some sensitive properties before and after aging. change to assess aging characteristics. It is also possible to accelerate the aging of the test sample by increasing the temperature, and add thermal, mechanical, and electrical stresses such as moisture, vibration, and electric fields to form an aging cycle. After each aging cycle, certain selected sensitive performance parameters are determined.

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